The microstructure and optical properties

of ZTO nanowire

The microstructure and optical properties

of ZTO nanowires are then discussed. Methods The fabrication process contains three steps: (1) electrochemical formation of an AAO membrane with highly ordered hexagonal arrays of nanochannels, (2) electrochemical deposition of Zn-Sn alloy into the AAO membrane, and (3) oxidation of the Zn-Sn alloy nanowires with the AAO membrane in the furnace. Preparation of AAO template The AAO membrane used in our experiment was prepared by a two-step anodization process as described previously [1–3]. Finally, the diameter of each nanochannel was about 60 nm. Preparation of ZTO nanowires Before electrodeposition, a layer of Pt was sputtered on one side of the AAO membrane as a conductive layer. Zn-Sn alloy nanowires were electrodeposited Forskolin price in the AAO membrane under alternating current (AC; 10 V) and direct current (DC; 4 V) voltages within the solution containing ZnSO4 · 7H2O, SnSO4, and Enzalutamide distilled water. The starting solution of synthesis of Zn-Sn alloy nanowires was a mixture solution of ZnSO4 · 7H2O and SnSO4 with a 2:1 molar ratio. The samples of Zn-Sn alloy nanowires in an AAO membrane were subsequently placed in a

furnace that was heated from room temperature (heating rate 5°C/min) to 700°C and maintained for 10 h. After the reaction was terminated, the furnace was naturally cooled down to room temperature, and ZTO nanowires were completely form-ordered after oxidation. Characterization of ZTO nanowire The morphologies of the as-prepared AAO membrane and the ZTO nanowires were analyzed by field emission scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive spectrometery (FE-SEM/EDS; Hitachi S-4800, Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo, Japan). The crystal structure Progesterone of the nanowires was examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD; Shimadzu XRD-6000, Shimadzu Corporation, Kyoto, Japan) utilizing Cu Kα radiation. More details about the microstructure of the ZTO nanowires were investigated by the high-resolution transmission electron microscopy/corresponding selected area electron diffraction (HR-TEM/SAED; JEOL JEM-2010, JEOL Ltd., Tokyo, Japan). After the ZTO nanowires were absolutely dispersed in distilled water

using a supersonic disperser, the absorption spectra of the ZTO nanowires were measured on an ultraviolet/visible/near-infrared (UV/Vis/NIR) spectrophotometer (Hitachi U-3501). Results and discussion For the AC process, the alternation of the electric field will remove the undesired deposition that is deposited on the surface of the AAO membrane. For the DC process, the direction of the electric field will result in a high density and high-quality deposition to form highly ordered Zn-Sn alloy nanowires (not shown). Therefore, we have selected appropriate AC (10 V) and DC (4 V) voltages to prepare high-quality nanowires. Morphology of AAO template and ZTO nanowires The morphology of the as-synthesized product was examined by FE-SEM.

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