Different subscales from study to study were observed to be signi

Different subscales from study to study were observed to be significant, so that there was little consistency. For

example, in two trials, there was a significant effect on the hallucination or aberrant motor behavior items, and, in one trial, on agitation or apathy on the NPI (Neuropsychiatrie Inventory), a structured interview of the caregiver’s assesment Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical of behavorial problems. The overall scores were very low, as were the differences. Clinical significance remains to be determined. The effectiveness of ChEIs on behavior, however, may be in delaying the onset of troublesome behaviors, perhaps by maintaining cognitive function,43,54 or perhaps through enhancing Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical attentional processes and activation. ChEIs have not been formally tested in patients with a priori clearly defined behavioral problems. Neuroprotection The importance of E7080 chemical structure disease-modifying treatment has been well described. 55,56 In essence, delaying the onset of appearance of disease by 5 years would result in a 50% reduction in both the incidence and prevalence of

AD,57 and families would consider drugs that slow the clinical course of AD to be valuable,58 To the extent that cholinergic therapies may have effects beyond the short-term symptomatic Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical improvement in cognition or function, their potential for delaying onset, or modifying clinical progression is discussed below. Basic and preclinical data suggest, possible Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical novel mechanisms by which ChEIs may actually modify illness progression. .For instance, relationships have been reported between amyloid precursor protein and the cholinergic system. Activation of the M, muscarinic receptor can stimulate secretion of amyloid precursor proteins via the α-secretase pathway, with attendant, reduction Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical in beta-amyloid (Aβ) release.59,60 Similar results have been reported with a variety of cholinergic agonists and some, but. not. all, ChEIs.59,61-63 Taken together,

the studies suggest, that ChEIs (and some other cholinergic agents) can prevent, the formation of amyloid and promote normal processing of amyloid precursor proteins.64 Further, muscarinic receptor activation and signal transduction via G-proteins have been shown to be disrupted by Aβ proteins.65 Conclusions ChEIs are the best-proven efficacious treatments medroxyprogesterone for some aspects of AD. Other therapeutic approaches are not as well tested or as clearly efficacious, and newer potential therapeutic agents are still at an early stage of clinical development. Therefore, ChEIs are likely to be with us and used for at least the next few years. However, therapeutic results are usually modest, affecting only a minority of patients, but these patients are helped significantly. The duration of effect and long-term safety are not known. It often takes time for clinicians to appreciate the full magnitude of clinically meaningful effects of new drugs.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>